Child adoption is a global phenomenon. It is not exclusive to Nigeria only. People for different reasons seek to adopt a child. To some, it could be as a result of being unable to conceive or out of love and contribution to humanity or a combination of both. Despite the acceptance and provision on the processes and requirements of child adoption in Nigeria, few persons are aware of this. It is therefore our hope that this guide becomes helpful to you or anyone who is in need of this information.
A visit at most Motherless Babies’ homes will reveal a sorry state of the children there. Most often, these kids were abandoned by the way side or brought to the Orphanage homes. The reason could be that the kids’ mums were raped, forsaken by the father or gotten through promiscuity. Notwithstanding, since these kids are up for adoption, the knowledge of the processes and requirements of child adoption in Nigeria will go a long way in helping the kids get adopted by willing Nigerians.
Let us consider what it requires to adopt a Child in Nigeria. First, the requirements.
Requirements Of child Adoption In Nigeria
The following requirements must be kept handy before applying for child adoption. Having them handy will help facilitate the process for you. The requirements include:
- Birth certificates
- Marriage certificates
- Divorce decrees (if applicable)
- Proof of Nigerian citizenship
- Financial documentation
- Police report
Other Requirements Include:
- Age Requirements: The age requirement varies from one state to the other. In Abia, Akwa-Ibom, Anambra, Bayelsa, Cross River, Ebonyi, Enugu, Imo and Rivers, prospective adoptive parents must be at least 25 years of age and 21 years older than the child. For married couples, at least one parent must meet the age requirements.
- Marriage Requirements: Both single individuals and married couples may adopt. Note that a single person will not be allowed to adopt a child of the opposite sex, except in extraordinary circumstances. In most states, married couples must adopt jointly.
- Income Requirements: The income of the adoption applicant must be ascertained to ensure the child for adoption will be well catered for. Although, there is no fixed amount on that.
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The Processes And Requirements Of child Adoption In Nigeria could vary from one state to another. However, the following processes could cover them generally. They could be some minor deviation but are basically not much of a difference. Let us therefore, look at the processes involved in child adoption in Nigeria.
- The adoption applicant (either married couple or a single person) will submit an application for adoption to the agency responsible. It could be under agencies like Ministry of Social Development, Youth and Sports or Women Affairs.
- Applicant will be invited for interview.
- If successful, a letter of approval will be given to the applicant to search for an adoptable child in any of the government-approved orphanages/motherless babies’ homes.
- Counselling dates will be fixed for the applicant to attend.
- A court order will be granted for the release of the child to the applicant for a 3-month probation period.
- After the 3 months, the child will be presented for legalization and final approval by the court and subsequent release to the applicant.
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Note: Before the application for adoption is granted, there would be a routine investigation on the capacity and record of the applicant. This will seek to establish whether the applicant has all it takes to take care of the child for adoption. Furthermore, if it is found during the probation period that applicant is mal-treating the child, the application will be cancelled and the child returned.
The above information is the Processes And Requirements Of child Adoption In Nigeria. You too can adopt a child today. Whatever question and or contribution you have concerning this, we would love to hear them from you using the comment box below. Thank you.